SNEEVLIET, Henk (Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie)

(1883–1942)
   Politician. A railway employee since 1900, Sneevliet became a member of the Sociaal Democratische Arbeiders partij (SDAP, Social Democratic Labor Party) and the union of rail way workers, of which he was appointed deputy president in 1909 and full-time president in 1910. In 1912, he resigned from the SDAP after a conflict over tactics used during the international strike of seamen the year before. After a short-lived membership in the ortho dox Marxist Socialistisch Democratische Partij (Socialist Democratic Party), he was expelled in 1912 from the board of his union. He moved to the Netherlands East Indies (Indonesia), where he again became a member of the union of railway employees and an active propagandist. Because of his radical ideas and seditious pamphlets, he was repatriated by order of the government.
   Sneevliet had trouble finding a congenial field of activity even in the Dutch Communistische Partij Holland (CPH, Communist Party of Holland). He became a paid official with the Nationaal Arbeids Sec retariaat (NAS, National Labor Secretariat), a federation of trade unions in the tradition of the Second International. In 1920, Sneevliet represented the Communist Party of the Netherlands East Indies at the second meeting of the Comintern in Moscow. He was sent to China, where he worked with the Chinese Communist Party until 1923. Upon his return to the Netherlands, he resumed his work with the NAS. Af ter his withdrawal from the CPH in 1927, Sneevliet became the first president of the Revolutionair-Socialistische Partij (RSP, Revolution ary Socialist Party) in 1929, and from 1933 until 1937 he was a mem ber of Parliament. This intractable individualist, who also broke with Leo Trotsky (1879–1940) in 1938, was a member of the Resistance during World War II. In 1942, he was convicted by the Nazi German Obergericht at Amsterdam and executed.
   See also Socialism.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sneevliet — Henk Sneevliet Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie (Henk) Sneevliet (* 13. Mai 1883 in Rotterdam; † 13. April 1942 in Leusden), auch bekannt unter dem Pseudonym Maring, war ein niederländischer kommunistischer Politiker, Gewerkschaftsführer,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henk Sneevliet — Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie (Henk) Sneevliet (* 13. Mai 1883 in Rotterdam; † 13. April 1942 in Leusden), auch bekannt unter dem Pseudonym Maring, war ein niederländischer kommunistischer Politiker, Gewerkschaftsführer, Antifaschist und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henk Sneevliet — Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie Sneevliet, connu sous le nom de Henk Sneevliet ou le pseudonyme de Maring (13 mai 1883 – 13 avril 1942), est un communiste néerlandais qui milita aux Pays Bas et aux Indes néerlandaises… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henk Sneevliet — Infobox Person name = Henk Sneevliet image size = 180px caption = Executed by the Germans in 1942. birth date = birth date|1883|5|13|mf=y birth place = Rotterdam death date = death date and age|1942|4|13|1883|5|13|mf=y death place = occupation =… …   Wikipedia

  • Сневлит, Хенк — Хендрикус Йозефус Франсискус Мари Сневлит Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie Sneevliet Псевдонимы: Маринг Дата рождения: 13 мая 1883(1883 05 13 …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.